An exposé of the history and development of Adire will reveal the design orientation and the semiotics of Adire. Related Post: The History Of Aso-Oke Textile. 7 (2), Serial No. While putting this write up together, we discovered that the origin of Adire might be traced to the archaeological discovery in some Tellem burial caves of Mali. She then passed on the process to her children and onward to the future generations. This has given rise to various theories of accidental discovery. Among all these forms of art, Adire, which is common among the people of Egbaland in Ogun State, is probably the most reflective of its cultural origin. Ogun state still hold the record of one of the most affordable states in Nigeria with potentials job opportunities Re: Adire Mall, Abeokuta, Ogun State Set For Commissioning (Photos) by AgbariOjukwu1 : 7:02pm On May 14 , 2019 Within its intricate designs, adire carries the richness of the Yoruba culture. [3] The Guardian – A Short History of Adire History of trade and fashion is not complete in the South-Western part of Nigeria without mentioning the art of Adire. etymological and semantic definitions as has been done here. When  more cotton fabrics to dye with became available in Nigeria, new techniques of resist dyeing were developed. The prototype was tie-dyed kijipa, a handwoven cloth dyed with indigo for use as wrappers and covering cloths. History has it that the tie-dye technique became recognised as a form of art in several countries across the globe. The textile appeals very much to the fashion conscious in Yorubaland, Nigeria, and on a global level. This was when people craved peace and freedom from the starched idea of parents and authority. Adireis a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria in West Africa. Adire textile is a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn primarily by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. (kampala)History of trade and fashion is not complete in the South-Western part of Nigeria without mentioning the art of Adire. By the second half of the twentieth century, broader colour palette of imported synthetic dyes was introduced. A fashion that came as a result of scarcity. The Yoruba label adire (meaning “tie … The Yoruba live in West Africa, mainly in Nigeria, Benin, Togo, and part of Ghana. It was first made by Yoruba women of old by using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. Also, some impressions may be sown into the fabric with thread and the stitches drawn up tightly before dyeing It has remained the utmost symbol of the  sixties! “ Women, Economy and the State: A study of the Adire Industry in Abeokuta (Western Nigeria). Support our creative African-owned businesses. Certificate Art for Junior and Senior Secondary School. Only on Bellafricana. Eleko: Resist dyeing with cassava paste painted onto the fabric. Fashion, beauty and entertainment news especially for you! Feb 11, 2020 - Explore Jana Potter's board "adire cloth", followed by 164 people on Pinterest. This coupled with the fact that the Yoruba of Old Oyo kingdom exported their art across and beyond West Africa through trade, military activities and political dominance. The textile comes out so beautifully and perfectly that you might be tempted to keep them all for yourself instead of handing them out to your guests eventually. Through the course of history, Yoruba women artisans have used various methods to … According to history, clothes have not … Yes, we had all these questions and more and knew many people out there too must have pondered on this also. Adire translates as tie and dye, and the earliest cloths were probably simple tied designs on locally-woven hand-spun cotton cloth much like those still produced in Mali. Adire (AH-dih-ray) is a Yoruba term describing resist-dyeing fabric, traditionally with indigo. Connect with global consumers⤵ Today, the Adire textile is no longer limited to being used as clothing material alone. An Unpublished PhD Thesis of the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun States, Nigeria Byfeild, J. Since the early twentieth century, metal stencils cut from the sheets of tin that lined tea chests have also been used. I remember seeing a movie called “Odùduwà“, where the first wife of Oduduwa thought women how to tie and dye clothes. International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, 11-18. Adire textile is the indigo-dyed cloth made in southwestern Nigeria by Yoruba women, using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. A publication on Tie-Dye US has it that, tie and dye became all the rage during the Vietnam War period. Adire, is a Yoruba (a tribe in Southwestern Nigeria) word for tie and dye. [1] This is done so that the colour is kept from inside of the folds by knotting and dyeing it or stitching with raffia fiber from banana leaves or thread. Laide Raheem, Abeokuta. He also said that his administration would introduce adire as part of the school uniform in the state from 2021. [6] Adire. Related Post: African Black Soap: The History, Components and Benefits As the translation of the name suggests, the earliest pieces of Adire were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally. In what can best be described as an alignment of passion, business and creativity, she found it the right fit for her ‘For my business, the platform will … I added a lovely picture of her looking absolutely stunning in one of her dresses made from adire. [4] The Yoruba people were known for their trade and thus travels. New designers are using traditional fabrics like adire in a modern context so here's the history behind the popular Nigerian fabric. Parents passed the techniques down to their female children and the wives of their sons. Traditionally done with different sizes of chicken feathers, calabash carved into different designs etc., in a manner similar to block printing. Itoku, a community in Abeokuta, Ogun State, is popularly known for the making of Adire and Kampala, indigenous fabrics of Egba. The simple answer to that is, the tying method prevents the absorption of dye to the particular area of the fabric that is tied. Adire then included a variety of hand-dyed textiles using wax-resist batik methods to produce patterned cloth in a dazzling array of dye tints and hues. ADIRE TEXTILE: A CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ENTREPRENEURIAL CRAFT IN EGBALAND, NIGERIA. The ideology according to that movie’s story line was that before tie and dye textile came, clothes were only available in white colours. Alabere: Stitching raffia onto the fabric in a pattern prior to dyeing. Adire textile is a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn primarily by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. History of fashion and trade of clothing is not completed without considering the art of Adire in the Southwestern part of Nigeria. In those days, textiles were also used as a form of identity with each tribe having their own unique patterns which also made it easy to spot outsiders. Whether created by old processes or new innovations, adire today continues to face fashion challenges, and is still an alternative to machine prints. Adire Backpack by The Potters Signature The first Adire material was made with Teru (local white attire) and Elu (local Dye) made from elu leaf which is planted in the Saki area of Oyo state. Main Content. Related Post: Adire Cloth in Nigeria: A Book Review As a distinctive textile type, adire first emerged in the city of Abeokuta, a center for cotton production, weaving, and indigo-dyeing in the nineteenth century. I would say this supports the notion that Adire was first produced in Jojola’s compound of Kemta, Abeokuta by Chief Mrs. Miniya Jojolola Soetan, the second Iyalode (Head of Women) of Egba land. 29, April, 2013:350-370, Tie-dye Through the Ages – A History of Tie-dye, The Bold of Art: Chief Nike Okundaye Davies - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Art, Exhibition and Fashion: Highlights of GTBank Fashion Weekend - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Adire work wear by Delavi Couture is certainly a must have. She then passed on the process to her children and onward to the future generations. The Yoruba label adire, which means "tied and dyed," was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated with resist patterns around the turn of the twentieth century. Adire eleko - paste resistIn the years after World War II when American … Adire - The History (Part 1) Adire (AH-dih-ray) is a Yoruba term describing resist-dyeing fabric, … The clothes were usually made up of two strips of factory-produced cotton, sewn together to form a roughly square shape, and worn as wraps around the body. At Bellafricana our aim is to help you connect with creative, unique & quality Indigenous businesses. Ibadan: University Press Ltd. It was first made by Yoruba women of old by using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. The Adire was first produced in Jojola’s compound of Kemta, Abeokuta by Chief Mrs. Miniya Jojolola Soetan, the second Iyalode (Head of Women) of Egba land. make adire national attire, abiodun appeals to @nigeriagov *Adire now school uniform in Ogun Ogun State Governor, Prince @dabiodunMFR , has called on the @NGRPresident to adopt Adire as an attire for national events and as a cultural symbol in the nation's foreign missions, to further promote the rich culture of the nation to the outside world. According to the stories sited in the first chapters of theIfa divination oral literature, the Yoruba deity of wisdom and divination – Orunmila – is to credit for the patterned dyeing origin. Adire textile production is assumed to be inborn; inherited by birth and the heritage passed on to descendants of families who were also involved in the production process. Adire in itself is an indigo dyed textile originally made by the Yoruba women using various resist dye methods. The city is reputed to be the capital of the adire industry in Nigeria. Saheed, Z. S. (2013). Adire is a type of textile originating among the Yoruba indigenous people from the Southwestern states in Nigeria. Florence Lucie Ihemadu, the founder of Flin Adire recently applied to join AdireOgun.com, a website started in 2020 as a marketplace focusing on the promotion of one of Nigeria’s most famous indigenous textiles – adire. These artistic peace-lovers embellished t-shirts, curtains, tapestries, pants, and anything else that would proclaim their individuality! [4] Emur Ogumor (1993:110). Female specialists dyed yarns and cloth and also refurbished faded clothing by re-dyeing the cloth with tie-dyed patterns. (1993). The tied portion is later removed after dyeing thereby creating a pattern of circles. In this post, you will learn about the history of the Àdìre textile and follow its’ progression through time. Get yours now. Tie-dye made people happy then, as it does today! This, of course, attracted the Nigerian fashion designers who now adapt the designs to print high-quality cloth and have transformed the art of adire into an entrepreneurial craft. References Oniko: This process involves tying raffia around hundreds of individual corn kernels or pebbles to produce small white circles on a blue background. In one, raffia fiber was used to stitch or tie a pattern across the whole length and breadth of the cloth, while the other was made by pasting starch in a repeat pattern through cut-metal stencils. In the western Yoruba city of Abeokuta founded in the 1830s, two forms of the indigo-dyed cloths known as adire developed with the advent of factory-woven cotton shirting. By the 1960s a growing availability of chemical dyes from Europe caused a revolution in colour and techniques. Related: Adire Cloth in Nigeria : A Book Review on Adire Textile, In clothing, there are endless possibilities in what you can do. @amalbotanicals is having a flash sale, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, African Black Soap: The History, Components and Benefits, Adire Cloth in Nigeria : A Book Review on Adire Textile, Vol. While launching the Adire Ogun Digital Market Place, on Thursday in Abeokuta, the governor said the platform would be a melting pot for over 2000 participants and would open up a value chain for adire business. [3] From the Damask to dry lace, from Adire- Eleso to Kente, each material being worn in a specific way tells a story. You will see below, the way Bellafricana creatively uses Adire on the books we produce on commission as souvenirs for clients’ weddings, birthdays, company events and so much more. In an academic research published in the Journal of African Studies, the researchers; Gausa Solomon and Abubakar Ezra, stated that Adire patterns are made by pleating of the cloth. And, in all it’s forms, tie-dye is not only an art of fabric, but a piece of our world history. Adire translates as tie and dye, and the earliest cloths were probably simple tied designs on locally-woven hand-spun cotton cloth much like those still produced in Mali. It’s believed that Orunmila was inspired by mat… We’re on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Linkedin, Pinterest etc. Adire Notebooks by Bellafricana In Yoruba, the word Adire translates as (adi) “to tie” and (re) “to dye.” This is a tie and dye process of making cloth using the Indigo plant extract and the now usage of caustic soda and dye to make what is called Kampala. Adire Blinds by Catyna Designs Today, new multi-coloured adire uses simple technology and hot wax or paraffin are used as resist agents in place of the indigenous cassava paste. Adire, is a Yoruba (a tribe in Southwestern Nigeria) word for tie and dye. Bringing to your notice the amazing body oil from, Is it just me, or is 2020 on a ride with no brakes. [5] At first, Adire was made from a hand-woven cloth called Kijipa that was tie-dyed indigo (Elu). The earliest pieces of this type were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally (rather like those still produced in Mali), but in the early decades of the 20th century new access to large quantities of imported shirting material via the spread of European textile merchants in Abeokuta and other Yoruba towns caused a boom in these women's entrepreneurial and artistic efforts, making adire a major local craft in Abeokuta and Ibadan, attracting buyers from all over West Africa. This craft can now be taught in institutions. It’s a story that dates back to the late 20th century, emerging from Abeokuta, a city which inhabits the southwestern region of Nigeria. There was an increase in tie-dye makers and artistic endeavours in the 20th century when more fabrics imported from European merchants became available for dyeing. Adire is not just another form of clothing, Adire is a part of the Yoruba culture and tradition. In fact, they are not a single group, but rather a collection of diverse people bound together by a common language, history, and culture. TIE – DYE (ADIRE) AMONG THE JUKUN PEOPLE by Gausa Solomon and Abubakar Ezra [2] African Research Review: An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. A story of pride, tradition and more importantly deeply rooted history. 7 (2), Serial No. The best news, stories, features and photos from the day in one perfectly formed email. 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We believe in empowering, supporting and promoting local talents which contributes to job creations in the Nigerian (African) economy. 29, April, 2013:350-370 by Areo, Margaret Olugbemisola and Kalilu, Razaq Olatunde Rom As the translation of the name suggests, the earliest pieces of Adire were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally. To enable commenting and other interactive features, please switch to the more advanced . Click play below to watch the video documentary of Adire textile amongst Yorubas by Thorolf Lipp. [ 1] Designs are created by simple techniques including tie-dye, folding, crumpling, and randomly sprinkling or splashing the hot wax onto a cloth before dyeing. Women specialised in the art, and would work with new cloth as well as refurbish existing pieces with tie-dyed patterns. Abeokuta is said to be the capital of the Egba nation, and the Adire industry in Nigeria. Let's show you why you should try Pap from @ologi. The Nigeria Adire is an indigo dyed textile that Yoruba women make using a multitude of different resist dye technologies. [2] These days, they are made in a number of various techniques and styles. Adire is the name given to indigo dyed cloth produced by Yoruba women of south western Nigeria using a variety of resist dye techniques. With the introduction of a broader color palette of imported synthetic dyes in the second half … The Yoruba label adiré, which means “tied and dyed,” was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated with resist patterns around the turn of the twentieth century. This is one of the ways some part of the African cultural heritage travelled from one continent to the other. Adire (Yoruba: tie and dye) textile is the indigo-dyed cloth made in southwestern Nigeria by Yoruba women, using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. Objectives: Students will review the five kinds of lines (horizontal, vertical, diagonal, diagonal, & zig zag) & two kinds of shapes (organic & geometric). Big Congratulations to #bellafricanamember @ologi. As a distinctive textile type, Adire first emerged in the city of Abeokuta, Nigeria, a center for cotton production and weaving, in the nineteenth century. Become a Bellafricana member today Then, tie-dye was a form of artistic expression (as well as protest) for the hippie, psychedelic generation who were free spirited and uninhibited during this difficult time in American history. The simplest design for tie and dye is made by pulling up portions of the cloth at an interval, and either knotting or binding round them before dyeing. So many skills of African heritage were transported from country to country or entirely out of the continent through traders. Adire textile, pronounced as Ah-DEE-reh is an age old indigo die textile indigenous to the Yoruba tribe of the Southwestern Nigeria. The raffia palm is stripped, and the spine sewn into the fabric. Adire Cloth of the Yorubas. Nigerian culture is multi-ethnic and gives a lot of value to different types of arts; which primarily include ivory carving, grass weaving, wood carving, leather and calabash, pottery, painting, glass and metal works, and cloth weaving (textile). In the making process, the Indigo plant extract is useful as a caustic soda, that is indirectly called Kampala. We're elated to announce @organiclifeplus. Adire Note Books by Bellafricana Although the missionaries introduced the people to cotton in the 1850’s, cotton weaving, pottery and Adire are all traditional crafts of the Abeokuta people. See more ideas about african textiles, indigo textiles, african fabric. After dyeing the raffia is usually ripped out, although some choose to leave it in and let wear and tear on the garment slowly reveal the design. Adire is the name given to indigo dyed cloth produced by Yoruba women of south western Nigeria using a variety of resist dye techniques. Related Post: Nike Art Gallery Get yours now, Supporting Creative African-Owned Businesses In Egba land, the craft was formerly known to be a family business. Have you checked out our social media? There are 2 different types of adire dyeing; Adire Oniko includes various methods of resist dyeing like stitching or tying. Nigeria: Make a Yoruba Adire Cloth. You can use it to make note books, throw pillows, wall arts, lamp stands, backpacks etc. Abeokuta is consid… This textile is rich in beauty and culture as much as it has a rich history. Our founder at Bellafricana, Bukky Asehinde, can’t get enough of the Adire textile. Some of these transition came about either through adventurous traders who traded goods from country to country or through avenues such as slave trading. 2. Find things you’ll definitely love. Assessment of Quality Characteristics of Indigenous and Contemporary Adire cloths produced in Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. © 2019 Bellafricana - All Rights Reserved | Developed by, So glad to announce that Bellafricana in Partnersh, The @miraomaluxury purse that fits right into ever, The Bubble sleeve blouse by @okettstudio is defini, Whoop!! By Norma H. Wolff. [1] Wikipedia – Adire (Textile Art) Bukky Asehinde, Founder & CEO of Bellafricana dressed gorgeously in Adire Textile Adire Eleko & Senufo Cloth (Part ONE) Lines, Shapes, Patterns, & Rhythm Art Lesson Resources: Adire Wax Batik (A Faithful Attempt). A popular tourist attraction in Abeokuta. In the case of Adire, it is said that for a long time, people who were not from certain families were not allowed to partake in tie-dye production as it was a part of the family’s heritage. [6] Tie-die US – Tie-dye Through the Ages – A History of Tie-dye, Pingback: The Bold of Art: Chief Nike Okundaye Davies - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Pingback: Art, Exhibition and Fashion: Highlights of GTBank Fashion Weekend - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Pingback: Adire work wear by Delavi Couture is certainly a must have. The first Adire material was made with Teru (local white attire) and Elu (local Dye) made from elu leaf which is planted in the Saki area of Oyo state. For a long time, people who were not from a certain family were not allowed to partake in adire production as it was a part of the family’s heritage. The Yoruba label adire (meaning “tie and dye”) was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated with resist patterns in the early twentieth century. We're certain it, Great News! The Adire fabric is a modern African clothing that originated from Yoruba land. Women remained specialists in the dyeing, tying, hand-painting, and hand-sewing done prior to dyeing, but the men became involved in decorating techniques using stitching machine and applying starch through zinc stencils. To meet the high demand for adire, stencilling has largely been replaced by a block printing technique to apply the hot wax. Over the years, we have seen the evolution of Fashion in Africa. According to Wikipedia, there are three primary resist techniques used in Nigeria presently: This is true for most our books really. Temi's Adire products are now listed on Jumia!You can find our products … Adire - The History Part 2. Introducing the Smart Woman Collection by the inno, How we're dancing into September! During the slave trade many slaves were skilled in weaving; the skill was used by the slave owner as another form of income. When British trading firms introduced cheap imported cloth and flooded the market with colorful inexpensive printed textiles, … To answer some of these questions, we at Bellafricana have done an extensive research on the subject to share the knowledge with the world. Although, cotton was introduced by the Missionaries in the 1850’s, Cotton weaving, pottery and tie and dye (Adire) are all traditional crafts of the Abeokuta people (Inside Watch Africa, 2012). Increase credibility & boost sales. In some situations, seeds or pebbles are sometimes tied into the cloth to create patterns. History And Development Of Adire Scholarly opinions hold that the origin of Adire is unknown. The art and culture that has been passed from generation to generation. The 1930s brought with it innovations that allowed men to partake in adire making, which was primarily a female craft. Originally locally-woven white cloth (teru) was tied to produce simple patterns and dyed blue with elu (indigo) from locally grown elu leaves. The fabric can also be twisted and tied on itself or folded into stripes. Among the archeological findings, is a cap bearing the extant and popular Osubamba motif common in the Adire art of the Yoruba people. Temi's Adire now on Jumia! [5] Mgbakoigba: Journal of African Studies, Volume 4, 2015. You might wonder, why bother tying the cotton fabric before dyeing it? Adiré is a “resist-dyed” cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria in West Africa. How did the textile come about, where was it first made, who wore it first, how did it travel to other tribes and countries, where it is on the global sphere? Let’s read on…, Let us begin with a little introduction for the benefit of those unfamiliar with this textile. It is now being used creatively in different ways.
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